Wood drying

What is it?

Wood preparation process includes removing excess moisture from the timber through evaporation. What is it for?

Lumber that has undergone the drying process, get sufficient strength, less deformed, do not crack and it’s much easier to glue. Drying wood also prevents material from shrinking. Dry material is highly reliable, can be easily decorated. Wood must undergo a drying procedure, in order to receive an ideal result in terms of its quality and performance.

Heat

Firstly, wood is heated to a temperature when liquid begins to evaporate from it. The material remains for a long time period in this conditions . Most of the moisture (about 40-50% of the total mass of wood) is concentrated on the outer layers of wood, which are called sapwood.

Drying

Under the influence of high temperatures moisture actively evaporates. The moisture is still there due to very different structure of layers. Powerful internal pressure begin to rise. Steaming compensates for a temporary expansion, increased elasticity of the upper layer./p>

Cooling

At the next stage, the condition of the wood normalizes; its humidity is brought to balance. After this, the cycle starts with warming up and repeats. The temperature is regulated upwards or downwards.

Wood drying time till 20%

  Board thickness Drying time
Softwood board 25 mm 9–12 hours
Softwood board 50 mm 18–25 hours
Soft hardwood board 25 mm 9–12 hours
Soft hardwood board 50 mm 18–25 hours
Hardwood board 25 mm 12–24 hours
Hardwood board 50 mm 24–48 hours

Why do you need to contact specialists?

The selection from plenty of drying modes is carried out on the basis of various factors: material size, seasonality, etc.

But the modes are designed for the “ideal” camera. To use them in real cameras, it requires revision, depending to the specific design features. For example, if the same mode is used in different chambers, in one of them the drying can be accelerated, as a result we obtain an increased consumption of heat carriers or a wood defect.

The technologist needs to solve such an important task: select and control the drying mode depending on the task. To do this, you need to have not only relevant knowledge, but also experience in performing such work.

Factors that must be taken into account by the technologist when choosing a drying mode:

  • the quality of the material, in accordance with the standards;
  • drying categories, which give a guarantee to obtain material of the required quality;
  • the design features of the wood drying chamber in order to prevent the duration of the process specified by the regime to be exceeded;
  • type and origin of lumber;
  • initial moisture of the material;
  • volume and size of a unit of material.

It is important to correctly combine all these factors, thus only a specialist can perform the wood drying process.

Wood drying prices

Type Humidity Price for m3
Edged softwood board (pine) STB1713-2007 class 2-3
25-44 mm 20 % 25 Eur
25-44 mm below 20% 30 Eur
Edged softwood timber STB1713-2007 class 2-3
100-150 mm 20 % 30 Eur
100-150 mm below 20% 35 Eur

Equipment

Termolegno CSD 50. The internal dimensions of the complex: 2 cameras of size 6500x6000x4100 mm. Fully automatic control unit allows precise control of the process.

Electronic process control equipment is a modern controller with a graphic display and a programmable menu. Standard equipment also includes:

  • 6 samples for measuring wood moisture;
  • 2 samples for temperature inside the chamber;
  • 2 samples for equilibrium humidity inside the chamber;
  • proportional control outputs for nozzles, pipes, heating, and a fan;
  • Windows software that allows you to receive graphic data and to process it even from a distance.

Order service

Payment is possible both cash and non-cash. Lending is possible. Call or email us – and we will certainly advise you on all issues.

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